welcome to my blog, in here I want to share the definition of learning language through tasks and activities.
According to Brown (2002), formulates the concept of task that seems to capture the
essentials. He defines task as an activity in which:
– Meaning is primary
– There is some communication problem to solve
– There is some sort of relationship to comparable real world activities.
– Task completion has some priority
– The assessment of the task is in term of outcome.
To promote maximum student learning, there are many qualities of tasks that need to be considered by the teachers. The focus is on qualities that are likely to affect students’ beliefs about their competencies and their expectations for success. The following are some consideration for the teacher in designing any task for the students.
1. Make sure the task is clear.
2. Give tasks that are challenging but achievable for all students.
3. Organize assignments to provide frequent opportunities for
students to see their skill level increase.
Task need to be supported by a previous focus on language forms, skills, and strategies developed through activities. Activities prepare students for the language and thinking demand of a task by providing different kind of support (Brewster and Girald, 2003). In brief, the characteristics of activities as follows: Focus on language practice, 45 Cognitively simple, Not always personalized according to pupil’s interests, not a meaningful end in themselves, provide a small degree of pupil freedom and choice, Provide controlled and guided practice, Rehearse specific language items, skills or strategies and Support the linguistics and cognitive demands of task in structured way.